Timeline of the Americans with Disabilities Act
- NCD: Toward Independence
The National Council on the Handicapped (now National Council on Disability, or NCD) issued its report Toward Independence; legislative recommendations include enactment by Congress of a “comprehensive” equal opportunity law, “perhaps under such a title as ‘The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1986.’"
- NCD: On the Threshold of Independence | Congressional Task Force | ADA Introduced: 100th Congress
The National Council on the Handicapped (now National Council on Disability, or NCD) issued its report On the Threshold of Independence.
The Congressional Task Force on the Rights and Empowerment of Americans with Disabilities was created by Rep. Owens, co-chaired by Justin Dart Jr. and Elizabeth Boggs.
The first version of Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) was introduced by Sen. Weicker and Rep. Coelho in the 100th Congress.
- ADA Revised, Introduced: 101th Congress | ADA Passed Senate
A revised Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) was introduced by Sen. Harkin and Sen. Durrenberger, Rep. Coelho and Rep. Fish in the 101st Congress.
The ADA passed the Senate by a vote of 76 to 8.
- Regulations Issued: | Title I - Employment | Title II - State & Local Government | Title III - Public Accommodations | Title IV - Telecommunications
Regulations for Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) were issued by the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC).
Regulations for Title II and Title III were issued by the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ).
Transportation regulations for Title II and Title III were issued by the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT).
Regulations for Title IV were issued by Federal Communications Commission (FCC).
- Effective: | Title I of the ADA (25>employees), | Title II, Title III of the ADA
Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) took effect for employers with 25 or more employees.
Title II and Title III took effect.
- Supreme Court Cases: Olmstead and Sutton Trilogy
The Supreme Court ruled in Sutton v United Airlines, Murphy v United Parcel Service, and Albertson’s Inc. v Kirkingburg (the “Sutton trilogy”), narrowing the definition of disability by holding that people who use “mitigating measures,” such as medication, may not be protected by the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA).
The Supreme Court ruled in Olmstead v L.C., recognizing that the “unjustified institutional isolation of persons with disabilities is a form of discrimination” and holding that services must be provided in integrated, community-based settings when possible.
- NCD: Righting the ADA
National Council on Disability issued its report Righting the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), urging the Administration and Congress to support legislation to restore the original intent of the ADA and counteract the Supreme Court rulings that had narrowed the scope of the ADA’s protections.
- Updated Regulations: Title II, Title III | More Updated Transportation Regulations
Revised regulations for Title II and Title III of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) were issued by Department of Justice.
Revised transportation regulations (passenger vessel operators) for Title II and Title III of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) were issued by Department of Transportation.
- U.S. Access Board and DOJ Updated Guidelines and Rules
The U.S. Access Board is developing or updating guidelines for electronic and information technology, telecommunications products and services, public rights-of-way, passenger vessels, and medical diagnostic equipment; visit http://www.access-board.gov/ for more information and watch for opportunities to participate in the rulemaking by submitting your comments.
Department of Justice is developing or updating rules to address web information and services, movie captioning and video description, equipment and furniture, and next-generation 9-1-1 services; visit http://www.ada.gov/newproposed_regs.htm for more information and watch for opportunities to submit your comments.
- Celebrating 25 Years
The 25th Anniversary of the Americans with Disabilities Act is July 26th, 2015!
Learn about the ADA Anniversary and how to participate.