What are the "essential functions" of a job?

Essential functions are the basic job duties.

ADA Regulations say that the following things should be taken into consideration when determining whether a job function is essential:

  • The employer’s judgment about which functions are essential;
  • Job descriptions that were written before a job was posted;
  • The amount of time spent performing the function;
  • The consequences of not requiring the person to perform the function;
  • The terms of a collective bargaining agreement; and
  • The work experience of others who have had, or currently hold, the same or similar positions.